Criminal Law Newsletters
Communications between an attorney and a client made during a professional meeting are considered confidential and do not have to be disclosed. The client owns this communication and therefore the client is the only individual who may waive this privilege. The purpose of this privilege is so that the client may be able to fully disclose all information to his or her attorney.
Bribery with respect to financial institutions is a federal offense.
In accordance with the Due Process Clause of the United States Constitution, the Government has an obligation to provide a defendant, upon his request, of all evidence in its possession that is favorable to the defendant and material to the case against the defendant. If the Government fails to disclose the requested information to the defendant, a new trial may be required.
Upon a motion by the defendant, the Jencks Act requires the Government to disclose a witness’s prior statement directly relating to the witness’s direct testimony. It is also required that the Government must be in possession of the prior statement. There must be a direct link between the prior statement requested and the witness’s direct testimony.
After several federal courts ruled that state bingo laws were regulatory laws that could not be enforced against Native American tribes, Congress began looking at legislation that would satisfy the interests of law enforcement agencies and that would help to alleviate the economic problems of the Native American tribes by raising revenue through bingo and gaming. As a result, Congress enacted the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) of 1988.